was occupied by various tribes during its long history.
The pergamanion King Attalos II founded in 158 BC Attaleia,
todays Antalya. Romans inherited the city together with
the Pergamanion kingdom. The Apostel Paulus got on land
in 45-49 BC. through Kleinasien while doing his first mission
journey. The Emperor Hadrian had a strong city wall build
and the Byzantines rebuilt the city further by redoubling
the city walls for having enough protection from Arabians.
Attaleia was the last stronghold in south Kleinasien during
the second Crusade (1147-1149) that was not occupied by
Turks, thus was a shelter for the crusaders
In 1207 the Seljuk’s conquered the important seaport
Attaleia under the commend of Giyaseddin Kaichosrev. The
stronghold of the city was rebuilt and mosques were put
up. After the disband of the Seljuk’s, Antalya was
independent until the time, where it was structured by Murat
the 1st, the Ottoman Sultan. The city was previously divided
into three sections for Muslims, Christians and other religions.
On Fridays from 12 to 13 o’clock, the doors between
the sections were closed, since there was a prophecy that
the Christians would attack the city in this one hour